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Gastrostomy and Jejunostomy Feedings in Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • J. Fernando del Rosario
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Feeding problems are common in children with cerebral palsy. The causes varied and include poor oral motor function, poor generalized tone and motor function, and cognitive impairment. These in turn can result in poor airway protection and severe gastroesophageal reflux, which may put children with severe cerebral palsy at risk for aspiration and chronic respiratory disease. Persistent uncorrected feeding problems will lead to severe malnutrition. It is important to evaluate these children for causes of feeding problems so that appropriate intervention, including tube feedings, may be initiated in a timely manner.

Keywords

Feeding problems Oropharyngeal dysphagia Gastrostomy Jejunostomy Cerebral palsy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & NutritionNemours/A.I. DuPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Steven J. Bachrach
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics (Emeritus)Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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