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Bacterial Lipid Domains and Their Role in Cell Processes

  • Adrián F. Alvarez
  • Dimitris GeorgellisEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

Bacterial plasma membranes, mainly composed of phospholipids and proteins, separate the interior of a cell from their environment and maintain cell homeostasis. Early notions of membrane organization gave rise to a model in which a homogeneous lipid bilayer permits free protein diffusion within the membrane. However, proteins and phospholipids are distributed unevenly in bacterial membranes, and specific membrane localization is often crucial for protein activity or function. Bacterial membrane domains with different lipid compositions and with differential physical properties in comparison with the surrounding membrane have now been described. These membrane domains appear to influence localization, diffusion, and function of membrane proteins, and thereby seem to be involved in many cellular processes. Here, we describe the different types of bacterial membrane domains and discuss their involvement in various bacterial cellular processes.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research in our laboratory is funded by grants from the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT, 178033), and from Dirección General de Asuntos del Personal Académico-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (DGAPA-UNAM; PAPIIT IN209215 and IA203216). We thank Claudia Rodriguez for her technical assistance.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Genética Molecular, Instituto de Fisiología CelularUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad de MexicoMexico

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