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Bacterial Metabolism of C1 Sulfur Compounds

  • Rich BodenEmail author
  • Lee P. Hutt
Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

The metabolism of C1 organosulfur compounds by the Bacteria is important in the biogeochemical cycling of sulfur and carbon and in climate regulation in terms of mediating release of, e.g., dimethylsulfide from the oceans. Herein we review the canon of work on the metabolism of dimethylsulfide, dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylsulfone, methanesulfonate, dimethyldisulfide, and methanethiol, in terms of dissimilation to formaldehyde or carbon dioxide when used as carbon and energy sources by methylotrophs or autotrophs, oxidation to sulfite prior to assimilation as sulfur sources, and use as respiratory terminal electron acceptors. We discuss the enzymology of the metabolism of these compounds and propose a revision to the Enzyme Commission classification to some of them where multiple enzymes are clearly grouped under one name at present. We also provide methodologies for enzyme assays, for the safe handling and quantification of these compounds, and for the synthesis of carbon-14, carbon-11, sulfur-34, and sulfur-34 compounds for use in physiological and ecological studies.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the EThOS service at the British Library for the rapid digitization of the Padden thesis used in this work. We thank Dr. Ann P Wood (previously of King’s College London, UK) for discussions and being a sounding board and Dr. Miguel Franco (School of Biological and Marine Sciences, University of Plymouth) for discussions on evolutionary models.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological and Marine Sciences, Sustainable Earth Institute, Faculty of Science and EngineeringUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK
  2. 2.School of Biological and Marine Sciences, Faculty of Science and EngineeringUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK

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