Magnetic Impurities on Surfaces: Kondo and Inelastic Scattering

  • Deung-Jang Choi
  • Nicolás Lorente
Living reference work entry


The scanning tunneling microscope is a unique tool for injecting electrons with great energy and spatial resolution. These electrons can interact with local magnetic moments and reveal the rich phenomena associated with spin-flip dynamics. This chapter is a review of these interesting effects with emphasis on physical concepts and recent results. The Kondo effect is of paramount importance in condensed matter physics. When Kondo correlations and systems of spins of increasing complexity are used, new phenomena appear such as heavy-fermion phases as recently revealed by quasiparticle-interference experiments. New developments showing the relationship between atomic spin entanglement and appearance of Kondo correlations are reviewed. Non-equilibrium Kondo brings in its own features although in the tunneling regime, the Kondo effect is largely accounted for its equilibrium properties. Kondo peaks, inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance of single atoms, molecules, and atomic objects are explored.



Financial support from MINECO (Grant No. MAT2015-66888-C3-2-R) and FEDER funds is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deung-Jang Choi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nicolás Lorente
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Física de Materiales CFM/MPC (CSIC-UPV/EHU)Donostia-San SebastianSpain
  2. 2.Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)Donostia-San SebastianSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Stefano Sanvito
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTrinity CollegeDublinIreland

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