Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Phenomenology and Family Therapy

  • Anthony RoseEmail author
  • Paul Murray
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_949

Name of Theory

Phenomenology and Family Therapy

Introduction

The term “phenomenology” simply refers to what the word itself suggests: the study of phenomena, or more explicitly, the study of our experience of things (Becker 1992). Brute reality, for all human beings, is existence, being, and consciousness (Smith 2018). This initial state of existence, familiar to all living creatures, is where phenomenology begins.

Prominent Associated Figures

Popularized by German philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859–1938), phenomenology sees human experience as the bedrock of both existence and knowledge: as Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980), a disciple of Husserl, famously asserted, “existence precedes essence.” In other words, for Husserl and Sartre, phenomenology could be seen as an ontological statement, or, more properly, ontology could be seen as phenomenological statement: before we consider abstract concepts, before we form a worldview, before we consciously interact with the world, we exist, and we experience...

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References

  1. Becker, C. S. (1992). Living and relating: An introduction to phenomenology. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Dahl, C. M., & Boss, P. (2005). The use of phenomenology for family therapy research. Research Methods in Family Therapy, 2, 63–84.Google Scholar
  3. Embree, L., & Moran, D. (Eds.). (2004). Phenomenology: Critical concepts in philosophy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Garland, D. A. (2002). Faith narratives of congregants and their families. Review of Religious Research, 44(1), 68–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gehart, D. R., Ratliff, D. A., & Lyle, R. R. (2001). Qualitative research in family therapy: A substantive and methodological review. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 27(2), 261–274.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Gibson, P. A. (2002). Caregiving role affects family relationships of African American grandmothers as new mothers again: A phenomenological perspective. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28(3), 341–353.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Smith, D. W. (2018). Phenomenology. In E. Zalta (Ed.), Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/
  8. Wennick, A., & Hallström, I. (2006). Swedish families’ lived experience when a child is first diagnosed as having insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: An ongoing learning process. Journal of Family Nursing, 12(4), 368–389.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Counseling Psychology Doctoral StudentBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.West VancouverCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kelley Quirk
    • 1
  • Adam R. Fisher
    • 2
  1. 1.Marriage and Family Therapy Program, Human Development and Family StudiesColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.The Family Institute at Northwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA