Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Bowen, Murray

  • Tara SchlusselEmail author
  • Molly F. Gasbarrini
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_865


Murray Bowen, M.D. (1913–1990)


Murray Bowen is considered one of the founders of systemic therapy and a pioneer of family psychology. Bowen developed the theory of triangulation and continued to emphasize differentiation of the self throughout his work. His groundbreaking work with patients with schizophrenia changed the way in which the medical and psychological fields perceived the disorder. Bowen authored over 50 book chapters, papers, and monographs founded on his research and clinical work.

Education and Career

Bowen attended primary and secondary school in his hometown, Waverly, Tennessee. In 1934, he earned a Bachelor in Science from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. In 1937, he earned an M.D. from the University of Tennessee Medical School, Memphis. He started his professional training as an intern at Bellevue Hospital in New York City in 1938 and later worked as an intern at Grasslands Hospital in Valhalla, New York from 1939 to 1941. After his...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bowen, M. (1960). A family concept of schizophrenia. In D. D. Jackson & D. D. Jackson (Eds.), The etiology of schizophrenia (pp. 346–372). Oxford: Basic Books.  https://doi.org/10.1037/10605-012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowen, M. (1972). Family therapy and family group therapy. In H. I. Kaplan & B. J. Sadock (Eds.), Group treatment of mental illness (Vol. 12). New York: E. P. Dutton.Google Scholar
  3. Bowen, M. (1978). Family therapy in clinical practice. New York: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
  4. Bowen, M. (1991). Alcoholism as viewed through family systems theory and family psychotherapy. Family Dynamics of Addiction Quarterly, 1(1), 94–102.Google Scholar
  5. Bowen, M., Butler, J., Kerr, M., & Bowen, J. (2013). The origins of family psychotherapy. New York: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International UniversityLos AngelesUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jessica Rohlfing Pryor
    • 1
  1. 1.The Family Institute at Northwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA