Reflexive Processes in Couple and Family Therapy
Reflecting Team (1985),
Tom Andersen (1931–2017).
Tom Andersen, a psychiatrist, was Professor of Social Psychiatry at the Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromso in Norway. The reflecting team is Tom Andersen’s main contribution to family therapy and psychotherapy.
In 1985 Tom Andersen and his colleagues were working in a clinical setting with a one-way mirror. The client does not see or hear the team, but after three years, Andersen explains, we dared to let them see us work (1991, p. 11). The therapists introduced a change they began to talk to the clients so they could hear directly. They did this by reversing the rules of the one-way-mirror: inverting the lights and microphones from the client(s) to the team. This format that allowed the family to listen is described in the 1987 article and in the 1991 book both by Tom Andersen. They called it a Reflecting Team (RT). The RT offers to the consultant a pluralistic view of meaning by inviting numerous...
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