The father of attachment theory, John Mostyn Bowlby, was born in 1907 in London to Anthony Alfred Bowlby, a surgeon of renown, whose military service and medical practice frequently separated him from his family, and Mary Bridget Mostyn, whom Bowlby characterized as stable and sensible. The couple married and started their family unusually late in life, but as was customary among middle- and upper-class Edwardians, the rearing of Bowlby and his five siblings was conducted almost entirely by nursemaids. Minnie, the nursemaid who had daily charge of Bowlby, left the household when he was 4 years old, the effects of which may have inspired him to assert that the loss of a “loving nanny” in young childhood “can be almost as tragic as the loss of a mother” (Bowlby 1958, p. 7). After being sent to boarding school to avoid the threat of air raids on London, and later naval training as a cadet, Bowlby determined that a military path would offer him little...
- Bowlby, J. (1958). Can I leave my baby? London: The National Association for Mental Health.Google Scholar
- Holmes, J. (1993). John Bowlby and attachment theory. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Karen, R. (1994). Becoming attached: First relationships and how they shape our capacity to love. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Senn, M. E. (1977). Interview with Dr. John Bowlby. Washington, DC: National Library of Medicine. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
- van Dijken, S. (1998). John Bowlby: His early life: A biographical journey into the roots of attachment theory. London: Free Association Books.Google Scholar