Parents play an integral role in child development over the lifespan (National Center on Parent, Family, and Community Engagement 2013). Parenting style has been a well-studied phenomenon in relation to child outcomes. Through the studies of parenting the authoritarian parenting style has emerged as a more disciplinary style of parenting compared to the authoritative and permissive styles (Woody 2003). To fully understand different parenting styles, developmental and cultural perspectives must be considered.
Theoretical Context for Concept
Diana Baumrind (1971) developed one of the most widely used theories of parenting typology. Through her extensive work of observing children from elementary school through adolescents, Baumrind created three parenting styles: authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive (Pellerin 2005). Maccoby and Martin then expanded Baumrind’s theory and provided further detail of different parenting styles (Wang and Fletcher 2016).
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