Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Transgender Couples and Families

  • Jean MalpasEmail author
  • Elizabeth Glaeser
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_496

Introduction

As an umbrella term, “transgender” can have different meaning to different individuals. It is used to describe people whose gender identity differs from the sex assigned at birth and/or whose gender expression differs from cultural masculine and feminine stereotypes. It is also used by people to describe a gender identity and/or expression that is not binary (man/male/masculinity vs. woman/female/femininity). Cisgender describes individuals whose gender identity is comfortably congruent with the sex they were assigned at birth. Gender identity is a person’s internal sense of gender (GLAAD 2017).

The term “transgender” was coined and popularized in the USA in the 1950s and 1960s by cisgender-headed academic research and community-based publications (Transgender 2017). The term is based on the following premises. First, it assumes the differentiation of one’s gender identity (boy/girl/other, woman/man/other) from one’s assigned sex at birth. Second, it is based on the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychological Association. (2015). Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming people. American Psychologist, 70(9), 832–864.Google Scholar
  2. Boss, P. (2009). Ambiguous loss: Learning to live with unresolved grief. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang, S. C., Cohen, J. R., & Singh, A. A. (2017). Working with TGNC primary caregivers and family concerns across the lifespan. In A. Singh & L. m dickey (Eds.), Affirmative counseling and psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming clients (pp. 143–159). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Denny, D. (1998). Current concepts in transgender identity. New York: Garland Pub.Google Scholar
  5. Giammattei, S. V. (2015). Beyond the binary: Trans-negotiations in couple and family therapy. Family Process, 54(3), 418–434.  https://doi.org/10.1111/famp.12167.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Giammattei, S., Green, R., Bigner, J., & Wetchler, J. (2012). LGBTQ couple and family therapy: History and future directions. In Handbook of LGBT-affirmative couple and family therapy (pp. 1–22). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. GLAAD. (2017). Transgender FAQ. GLAAD transgender media program. Retrieved 14 Jan 2017 from https://www.glaad.org/transgender/transfaq
  8. Haines, B. A., Ajayi, A. A., & Boyd, H. (2014). Making trans parents visible: Intersectionality of trans and parenting identities. Feminism & Psychology, 24(2), 238–247.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0959353514526219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hudak, J., & Giammattei, S. V. (2014). Doing family: Decentering heteronormativity in “Marriage” and “Family” therapy. In T. Nelson & H. Winawer (Eds.), Critical topics in family therapy: AFTA monograph series highlights (pp. 105–115). Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lev, A. I. (2004). Transgender emergence therapeutic guidelines for working with gender-variant people and their families. New York: The Haworth Clinical Practice Press.Google Scholar
  11. Malpas, J. (2006). From otherness to alliance: Transgender couples in therapy. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(3–4), 183–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Malpas, J. (2011). Between pink and blue: A multi-dimensional family approach to gender nonconforming children and their families. Family Process, 50(4), 453–470.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Malpas, J. (2012). Can couples change gender? Couple therapy with transgender people and their partners. In Handbook of LGBT-affirmative couple and family therapy (pp. 69–87). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Malpas, J. (2016). The transgender journey: What role should therapists play? The Psychotherapy Networker, 50, 453.Google Scholar
  15. Malpas, J., Glaeser, E., & Giammattei, S. (In press). Building resilience: Integrating child and family support with families of gender nonconforming children. In D. Ehrensaft & C. Meier (Eds.), The gender affirmative model: A new approach to supporting gender non-conforming and transgender children. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  16. Olson, K. R., Durwood, L., DeMeules, M., & McLaughlin, K. A. (2016). Mental health of transgender children who are supported in their identities. Pediatrics.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-3223.
  17. Raj, R. (2008). Transforming couples and families: A trans-formative therapeutic model for working with the loved-ones of gender-divergent youth and trans-identified adults. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 4(2), 133–163.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15504280802096765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ryan, C., Huebner, D., Diaz, R. M., & Sanchez, J. (2009). Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics, 123(1), 346–352.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-3524.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Ryan, C., Russell, S. T., Huebner, D., Diaz, R., & Sanchez, J. (2010). Family acceptance in adolescence and the health of LGBT young adults. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(4), 205–213.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2010.00246.x.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Transgender. (2017). Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 Jan 2017 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transgender

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New YorkUSA
  2. 2.The Gender and Family ProjectAckerman Institute for the FamilyNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mudita Rastogi
    • 1
  1. 1.Illinois School of Professional Psychology, Argosy UniversitySchaumburgUSA