Military families are defined as those in which one or more members of the family unit serve in the Armed Forces. Typically, researchers use a narrower definition to include the spouse and dependent children of military personnel. Here we focus on military families within the United States (US), beginning with a review of factors that differentiate service members and influence the experience of military family life, including the branch of service, time commitment to the military, and rank of the service member.
Structurally, the US Department of Defense (DoD) is charged with carrying out military policy and coordinating the US Armed Forces. The branches of the US Armed Forces are the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The service branches depend on one another to carry out military missions, but culture, policies, deployment tempo, and even terminology vary widely among the branches (Blaisure et al. 2012). Additionally, service members are part of...
- Hall, L. K. (2016). Counseling military families: What mental health professionals need to know (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Jex, S. M., Kain, J. M., & Park, Y. (2013). Situational factors and resilience: Facilitating adaptation to military stressors. In R. R. Sinclair & T. W. Britt (Eds.), Building psychological resilience in military personnel: Theory and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Karney, B. R., & Crown, J. S. (2007). Families under stress: An assessment of data, theory, and research on marriage and divorce in the military. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG599.html
- Military OneSource. (n.d.). About Military OneSource. Retrieved from hwww.militaryonesource.mil/footer?content_id=267441
- U.S. Department of Defense. (2012). Department of defense instruction: Military family readiness. Retrieved from www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/134222p.pdf
- U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense. (2014). 2013 demographics: Profile of the military community. Retrieved from http://download.militaryonesource.mil/12038/MOS/Reports/2013-Demographics-Report.pdf