Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Positive and Negative Quality of Marriage Scale

  • Allison M. McKinnon
  • Richard E. MattsonEmail author
  • Mathew D. Johnson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_401

Name and Type of Measure

The Positive and Negative Quality in Marriage Scale (PANQIMS; Fincham & Linfield, 1997) is a self-report measure that elicits global evaluations of a spouse’s positive and negative attitudes about their spouse and their marriage.

Synonyms

PN-QIMS; PNQIMS

Introduction

The factors that make an intimate relationship happy are distinct from the factors that make a relationship distressed. This can be observed empirically, such as through factor analytic findings that show separate positive and negative dimensions underlie relationship functioning (Orden & Bradburn, 1968). Despite variability in what determines these fluctuations in relationship quality, how favorably an individual evaluates his or her relationship is the ultimate criterion by which relationship quality is measured. Some researchers consider the satisfaction, adjustment, health, and well-being of intimate relationships to be the same construct.

Accordingly, there are several measures of relationship...

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References

  1. Fincham, F. D., & Linfield, K. J. (1997). A new look at marital quality: Can spouses feel positive and negative about their marriage? Journal of Family Psychology, 11(4), 489–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Locke, H. J., & Wallace, K. M. (1959). Short marital-adjustment and prediction tests: Their reliability and validity. Marriage and Family Living, 21(3), 251–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Malinen, K., Tolvanen, A., & Ronka, A. (2012). Accentuating the positive, eliminating the negative? Relationship maintenance as a predictor of two-dimensional relationship quality. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 61(5), 784–797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mattson, R. E., Paldino, D., & Johnson, M. D. (2007). The increased construct validity and utility of assessing relationship quality using separate positive and negative dimensions. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 146–151.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Orden, S. R., & Bradburn, N. M. (1968). Dimensions of marriage happiness. American Journal of Sociology, 73(6), 715–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Osgood, C. E., Suci, G. J., & Tannenbaum, P. H. (1957). The measurement of meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allison M. McKinnon
    • 1
  • Richard E. Mattson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mathew D. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBinghamton UniversityBinghamtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  • Diana Semmelhack
    • 2
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Midwestern UniversityDowners GroveUSA