Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Family Environment Scale

  • Alannah Shelby RiversEmail author
  • Keith Sanford
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_396

Name and Type of Measure

The Family Environment Scale (FES) is a self-report measure of family social climate.


The Family Environment Scale (FES; Moos and Moos 2009) is a self-report multidimensional measure of social climate within families. The first edition of the Family Environment Scale was published in 1981; since then, Moos and Moos have updated the manual for the measure in 1984, 1994, and most recently in 2009. The FES comprises 90 true-false items spanning 10 dimensions. Three forms of the measure are available: R, measuring real family climate; I, measuring ideal family climate; and E, measuring expected family climate. The FES can also be used to obtain retrospective reports of past family environments. The FES can be administered to a single family member or to multiple family members, the latter of which allows for the computation of incongruence scores. The FES is administered and scored using pencil and paper.

There are two ways that the FES has potential...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceBaylor UniversityWacoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, College of Arts and SciencesBaylor UniversityWacoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  • Diana Semmelhack
    • 2
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Midwestern UniversityDowners GroveUSA