Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Helping the Noncompliant Child

  • Robert J. McMahonEmail author
  • Rex L. Forehand
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_382

Name of Model

Helping the Noncompliant Child (HNC)


In the UK, a variation of HNC is referred to as the “Parent-Child Game.”


Noncompliance (i.e., excessive disobedience to adults) is consistently reported to be one of the most prevalent behavior problems for both clinic-referred and “typical” children, and is currently viewed as a keystone behavior in the development and maintenance of conduct problems. It appears early in the progression of conduct problems, is manifested in subsequent developmental periods, and is associated with referral for mental health services. “Helping the Noncompliant Child” (HNC) (Forehand and McMahon 1981; McMahon and Forehand 2003) is based on a parent management training (PMT) program originally developed by Constance Hanf in the late 1960s to treat noncompliance in young (3–8 years of age) children with a range of developmental disabilities (Reitman and McMahon 2013).

Prominent Associated Figures

Developers and researchers of HNC...

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  1. Abikoff, H. B., Thompson, M., Laver-Bradbury, C., Long, N., Forehand, R., Brotman, L. M., et al. (2015). Parent training for preschool ADHD: A randomized controlled trial of specialized and generic programs. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56, 618–631.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Forehand, R., & Long, N. (2010). Parenting the Strong-Willed Child: The clinically-proven five-week program for parents of two- to six-year-olds (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  3. Forehand, R., & McMahon, R. J. (1981). Helping the Noncompliant Child: A clinician's guide to parent training. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Forehand, R., Merchant, M. J., Parent, J., Long, N., Linnea, K., & Sulman Baer, J. (2011). An examination of a group curriculum for parents of young oppositional children. Behavior Modification, 35, 235–251.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Forehand, R., Parent, J., Sonuga-Barke, E., Peisch, V., Long, N., & Abikoff, H. (2016). Which type of parent training works best for preschoolers with comorbid ADHD and ODD? A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial comparing generic and specialized programs. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 1503–1513.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Long, N., & Forehand, R. (2010). Parenting the Strong-Willed Child: Leader’s guide for the six-week parenting class. Contact Nicholas Long, LongNicholas@uams.edu.Google Scholar
  7. McMahon, R. J., & Forehand, R. L. (2003). Helping the Noncompliant Child: Family-based treatment for oppositional behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  8. McMahon, R. J., Long, N., & Forehand, R. L. (2010). Parent training for the treatment of oppositional behavior in young children: Helping the Noncompliant Child. In R. C. Murrihy, A. D. Kidman, & T. H. Ollendick (Eds.), Clinical handbook of assessing and treating conduct problems in youth (pp. 163–191). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Dishion, T. J. (1992). Antisocial boys. Eugene: Castalia.Google Scholar
  10. Reitman, D., & McMahon, R. J. (2013). Constance “Connie” Hanf (1917-2002): The mentor and the model. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 20, 106–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Simon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.B.C. Children’s HospitalVancouverCanada
  3. 3.The University of VermontBurlingtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA