Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

2019 Edition
| Editors: Jay L. Lebow, Anthony L. Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Erikson, Erik

  • Dawn L. GloverEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49425-8_27

Name

Erik Homburger Erikson.

Introduction

Erik H. Erikson was a twentieth-century psychoanalyst. His major contribution to the field was the concept that identity development extends across the lifespan and is rooted in a sociocultural context. He is best known for the eight stages of psychosocial development and the identity crisis.

Career

Erikson’s career was molded by multiple cultural influences. In 1902, Erikson was born to Danish parents, a Jewish mother and Protestant father. He was raised by his mother and stepfather in Germany and attended a Jewish school where he did not feel accepted due to his gentile appearance. After wandering through Europe as an artist, in 1927 Erikson moved to Vienna and began teaching children. At this time, he began studying child psychoanalytic theory and practice with Anna Freud at Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute.

In 1933, during Hitler’s rise, he fled to the United States with his Canadian-born wife, Joan Serson. Serson collaborated with Erikson...

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References

  1. Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  2. Erikson, E. H. (1962). Young man Luther: A study in psychoanalysis and history. New York: WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  3. Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: youth and crisis. Oxford: Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  4. Erikson, E. H. (1977). Toys and reasons: Stages in the ritualization of experience. WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  5. Erikson, E. H. (1980). Identity and the life cycle. New York: WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  6. Erikson, E. H. (1985). The life cycle completed: A review. New York: WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  7. Erikson, E. H. (1993). Gandhi’s Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence. WW Norton & Co.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International UniversityLos AngelesUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Molly Gasbarrini
    • 1
  1. 1.California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International UniversityLos AngelesUSA