Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Coastal Evolution in Microtidal Seas in Holocene

  • Kazimierz FurmańczykEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_405-1

Introduction: Origin of Coasts and Their Main Evolution Factors

A general layout of the shoreline depends on land and bottom surface and the sea level. Both the Earth’s crust and water volume undergo continuous and slow balance changes which affects the coastal zone landscape. Coast evolution rate depends on several factors as described by Cooper (1994), including geological, geomorphological and tectonic settings, paleotopography, climate, sea level changes, wave energy (wind), volume and direction of sediment supplied by river load, and intensity of coastal processes.

It would difficult to determine the impact of all the factors everywhere on the Earth. Therefore, the southern coast of the Baltic Sea was selected as a specific laboratory, where the magnitude and intensity of certain factors influencing the development of the coast can be limited. Such approach facilitates understanding of coast evolution processes.

An area extending from Scandinavia to the Baltic Sea basin was...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Marine and Coastal SciencesUniversity of SzczecinSzczecinPoland