Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Tectonics and Neotectonics

  • Paolo A. PirazzoliEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_310-2


Rock deformation caused by the structure of the earth (e.g., folds, faults, joints, cleavage) is often the only kind of tectonic deformation considered by geological manuals, giving the impression that areas devoid of such type of deformation are “tectonically stable.” However, according to the American Geological Institute (1960), “tectonic” is defined as “designating the rock structure and external forms resulting from the deformation of the earth crust.” This definition implies that all processes which modify the external form of the crust, also when they result from forces external to the earth, have to be considered tectonic. This is the case, for example, for unidirectional vertical movements produced by earth surface processes of weathering and erosion (sedimento-isostasy), and also for rise and fall of the solid earth surface, especially in coastal areas, caused by external factors such as climate change (glacio-isostasy, hydro-isostasy) or eventually, at a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. American Geological Institute (1960) Glossary of geology and related sciences, 2nd edn. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrews JT (1989) Postglacial emergence and submergence. In: Fulton RJ (ed) Quaternary geology of Canada and Greenland. Geology of Canada no. 1. Geological Survey of Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bloom AL (1971) Glacial-eustatic and isostatic controls of sea level since the last glaciation. In: Turekian KK (ed) The Late Cenozoic glacial ages. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, pp 355–379Google Scholar
  4. Chappell J (1974) Geology of coral terraces, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea: a study of Quaternary tectonic movements and sea-level changes. Geol Soc Am Bull 85:553–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crowell JC (1986) Active tectonics along the western continental margin of the conterminous United States. In: Wallace RE (panel chairman) Active tectonics. Studies in geophysics. National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp 20–29Google Scholar
  6. Dickinson WR (1998) Geomorphology and geodynamics of the Cook–Austral island-seamount chain in the South Pacific Ocean: implications for hotspots and plumes. Int Geol Rev 40:1039–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kaizuka S (1992) Coastal evolution of a rapidly uplifting volcanic island: Iwo-Jima, western Pacific Ocean. Quat Int 15–16:7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Konishi K, Omura A, Kimura T (1968) 234U-230Th dating of some Late Quaternary coralline limestones from southern Taiwan (Formosa). Geol Palaeontol SE Asia 5:211–224Google Scholar
  9. Lajoie KR (1986) Coastal tectonics. In: Wallace RE (panel chairman) Active tectonics. Studies in geophysics. National Academics Press, Washington DC, pp 95–124Google Scholar
  10. Liew PM, Lin CF (1987) Holocene tectonic activity of the Hengchun Peninsula as evidenced by the deformation of marine teraces. Mem Geol Soc China 9:241–259Google Scholar
  11. Mitrovica JX, Peltier WR (1991) On postglacial geoid subsidence over the equatorial oceans. J Geophys Res 96(B12):20053–20071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Morhange C, Bourcier M, Laborel J, Giallanella C, Goiran JP, Crimaco L, Vecchi L (1999) New data on historical relative sea level movements in Pozzuoli, Plaegrean Fields, southern Italy. Phys Chem Earth A 24(4):349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mörner NA (1979) The Fennoscandian uplift and Late Cenozoic geodynamics: geological evidence. GeoJournal 3:287–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mörner N-A (1980) The INQUA neotectonic commission. Bull INQUA Neotectonic Comm 3:1Google Scholar
  15. Paskoff R (1996) Atlas de Las Formas de Relieve de Chile. Instituto Geografico Militar de ChileGoogle Scholar
  16. Pirazzoli PA (1991) World Atlas of Holocene sea-level changes. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  17. Pirazzoli PA (1995) Tectonic shorelines. In: Carter RGW, Woodroffe CD (eds) Coastal evolution: late Quarter-nary shoreline morphodynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 451–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pirazzoli PA, Montaggioni LF (1988) Holocene sea-level changes in French Polynesia. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 68:153–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pirazzoli PA, Salvat B (1992) Ancient shorelines and Quaternary vertical movements on Rurutu and Tubuai (Austral Isles, French Polynesia). Z Geomorphol 36:431–451Google Scholar
  20. Pirazzoli PA, Laborel J, Saliège JF, Erol O, Kayan I, Person A (1992) Holocene raised shorelines on the Hatay coasts (Turkey): palaeoecological and tectonic implications. Mar Geol 96:295–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pirazzoli PA, Arnold M, Giresse P, Hsieh ML, Liew PM (1993) Marine deposits of late glacial times exposed by tectonic uplift on the east coast of Taiwan. Mar Geol 110:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pirazzoli PA, Laborel J, Stiros SC (1996) Earthquake clustering in the eastern Mediterranean during historical times. J Geophys Res 101(B3):6083–6097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Plafker G (1965) Tectonic deformation associated with the 1964 Alaska earthquake. Science 148(3678):1675–1687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stanley DJ (1997) Mediterranean deltas: subsidence as a majpr control of relative sea-level rise. In: Briand F, Maldonado A (eds) Transformations and evolution of the Mediterranean coastline, Monaco. CIESM science series no. 3. Musée océanographique, pp 35–62Google Scholar
  25. Stanley DJ, Warne AG (1994) Worldwide initiation of Holocene marine deltas by deceleration of sea-level rise. Science 265:228–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stanley DJ, Warne AG, Dunbar JB (1996) Eastern Mississippi delta: Late Wisconsin unconformity, overlying transgressive facies, sea level and subsidence. Eng Geol 45:359–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stewart IS, Hancock PL (1994) Neotectonics. In: Hancock PL (ed) Continental deformation. Pergamon Press, Tarrytown, pp 370–409Google Scholar
  28. Valensise G, Ward SN (1991) Long-term uplift of the Santa Cruz coastline in response to repeated earthquakes along the San Andreas Fault. Bull Seismol Soc Am 81:1–11Google Scholar
  29. Vita-Finzi C (1986) Recent earth movements: an introduction to neotectonics. Academic, London, 226 pGoogle Scholar
  30. Wallace RE (panel chairman) (1986) Active tectonics. Studies in geophysics. National Academy Press, Washington DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ParisFrance