Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

New Zealand, Coastal Geomorphology and Oceanography

  • Terry R. HealyEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_228-2

Historical Background

New Zealand’s coastal geomorphology exhibits a myriad of coastal landforms and sedimentary deposits, varying from estuarine types of fiords, rias, barrier enclosed estuarine lagoons, eroded calderas, and flooded grabens; to rocky cliffs and shore platforms, raised coastal terraces; to modern sandy Holocene barrier islands and spits, modern long sandy beaches and bayhead pocket beaches; and various types of nearshore sedimentary facies, to Pleistocene paleo-barriers; to various types of mixed sand-gravel beaches, boulder beaches and barriers; to muddy tidal flats and shelly gravel chenier ridges and beaches.

From the early 1900s, the classical geomorphology of New Zealand was widely expounded in the publications of Sir Charles Cotton, and especially in his book “Geomorphology of New Zealand Part 1: Systematic” first published in 1922 and revised as “Geomorphology: An Introduction to the Study of Landforms” (Cotton 1942). About one-fifth of this classical text was...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Sciences DepartmentUniversity of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand