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Nanocomposites for Structural and Energy Applications

  • Nagaraj R. Banapurmath
  • Shankar A. Hallad
  • Anand M. Hunashyal
  • A. M. Sajjan
  • Ashok S. Shettar
  • N. H. Ayachit
  • Malatesh T. Godi
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The present chapter provides comprehensive literature survey undertaken on the use of nanocomposites for both structural and energy applications. Research in the development of polymer-based composites for structural and energy applications is gaining prominence in the present scenario due to their unique lightweight and high-strength properties. Plain polymer alone cannot provide the deserved strength required for the structural applications due to the brittle nature of the plastics. Such drawbacks of polymeric materials can be suitably addressed by reinforcing it with strength fillers at both micro- and nano-level. However, continuous effort has been made by several investigators to improve the mechanical properties of polymers by adopting several reinforcement techniques. Recently usage of nano-materials in polymer-based matrix for varied applications is gaining tremendous importance due to their unique physical and chemical properties as compared to conventional strength fillers like carbon fibers, natural fibers unlike. Carbon nanostructures, such as graphene and fullerenes, have gained prominence for energy storage, and this is mainly attributed to their large aspect ratios, specific surface areas, and electrical conductivity (as reported by Sharma and Bhatti 51:2901–2912, 2010; Boota et al. 161:A1078–A1083, 2014). This chapter highlights on the advances made in energy storage applications involving multifunctional carbon nanostructures.

Keywords

Nanocomposites Tensile test Multi-walled carbon nanotubes Carbon nano-fiber Flexural modulus Polymers Three-point loading SEM EDS Sonication Graphene Energy storage Capacitor Battery Fuel cell 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nagaraj R. Banapurmath
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shankar A. Hallad
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anand M. Hunashyal
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. M. Sajjan
    • 1
  • Ashok S. Shettar
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. H. Ayachit
    • 4
  • Malatesh T. Godi
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Material ScienceKLE Technological UniversityHubballiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKLE Technological UniversityHubballiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringKLE Technological UniversityHubballiIndia
  4. 4.Ranichannamma UniversityBelgaviIndia

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