Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Place Versus Response Learning

  • Chad Ruprecht
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_743-1

Definition

Place learning

A form of spatial learning reflecting the acquisition and knowledge of an object/location’s actual position in space, relative to a constellation of other visual cues.

Response learning

A form of spatial learning reflecting the acquisition of a habitual response used to navigate to a location that does not reflect knowledge of a place based on surrounding cues.

Introduction

Animals use a remarkable variety of methods to navigate their environments. Experimental psychologists have traditionally focused on how spatial relations between visual cues in the environment (landmarks, beacons, etc.) are acquired and whether these relations integrate together or compete for control over an animal’s navigation. Early experiments trained animals to navigate a variety of mazes often aided by visual cues that bore a consistent spatial relationship to the goal (i.e., the end of the maze, often baited with food). By varying the position of visual cues surrounding the animal...

Keywords

Acquisition Operant conditioning Pavlovian conditioning Reinforcement Hippocampus Sign tracking 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microsoft CorporationRedmondUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kenneth Leising
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas Christian UniversityForth WorthUSA