Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Gene Pool

  • Prerna Giri
  • Bhagyalaxmi Mohapatra
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_69-1



The sum of all the genes in a given population at a given time can be referred to as gene pool. The term gene pool is used in reference to a population which includes all individuals of the same species and includes all genes and combinations of genes (sum of all the alleles) in the population.


The concept of gene pool was given by Russian geneticist Aleksandr Sergeevich Serebrovskii in the 1920s as genofond (gene fund). The term “Genofond”was imported to the United States from the Soviet Union by Theodosius Dobzhansky, who translated it into English as “gene pool.” Gene pool refers to the collection of genes in an interbreeding population that includes each gene at a certain frequency in relation to its alleles. The gene pool is a measure of generic diversity. The composition of a population’s gene pool can change over time through evolution. This can occur by a variety of mechanisms such as mutations leading to genetic...


Gene Pool Relative Genotype Frequencies Gamete-producing Cells Genofond Mexican South 
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Web References

  1. Biology Online. (2008). Gene pool. Retrieved 11 Dec 2017. Available from http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Gene_pool
  2. My Agriculture Information Bank. (2015). The gene pool system of classification. Retrieved 21 Nov 2017. Available from http://www.agriinfo.in/default.aspx?page=topic&superid=3&topicid=2101
  3. Windows to the Universe. (2011). Changes to the gene pool: Microevolution. Retrieved 16 Nov 2017. Available from https://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Life/genetics_microevolution.html

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prerna Giri
    • 1
  • Bhagyalaxmi Mohapatra
    • 1
  1. 1.Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Institute of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Akash Gautam
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, School of Medical SciencesUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia