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Colors and color patterns that reduce the risk of an object being visually detected when it is potentially perceivable to an observer
Avoiding detection by undesirable viewers is a key antipredator strategy, and the evolutionary solutions to this challenge are myriad. Crypsis – the use of color patterns to minimize the probability of detection – is the most prevalent form of visual camouflage and has served as an exemplar of adaptation since the inception of modern evolutionary biology (Poulton 1890). The seminal work of Abbott Thayer (1909) in Concealing Coloration in the Animal Kingdom and Hugh Cott (1940) in Adaptive Coloration in Animals lays the formal foundations for the study of crypsis, and camouflage more generally, which has since burgeoned into an active field of inquiry spanning biology, art, and technology (Behrens 2009).
- Cott, H. B. (1940). Adaptive coloration in animals. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
- Newark, T., Newark, Q., & Borsarello, J. F. (2002). Brassey’s book of camouflage. London: Brasseys UK Limited.Google Scholar
- Thayer, A. H. (1909). Concealing coloration in animal kingdom: An exposition of the laws of disguise through color and pattern. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar