Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford


  • Marc Dupuis-DésormeauxEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_397-1

Biogeography is the study of the geographic distribution of flora and fauna and the factors that drive this distribution across space and time. Biogeography is an integrative biological science that uses many tools from physical geography to help analyze the composition of species located in any one area. Factors that affect the composition of plant and animal species at one site are varied and depend upon specific climactic and physical characteristics (local climate, latitude, elevation, isolation), geological factors (from plate tectonics to soil composition), and evolutionary history (colonization, extinction, and speciation). Further, the ability of any given species to adapt to the local conditions will affect both its range and its ability to disperse further on the landscape. Biogeography and landscape ecology are closely related subjects, the former more concerned with connectivity and movement over the landscape and the latter more focused on the functional aspect of the...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Suzanne MacDonald
    • 1
  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada