An escape response is a coordinated response by an animal to end exposure to a noxious stimulus or potentially dangerous experience. Escape responses may be innate or learned and function to improve the survival of the animal.
An escape response functions to terminate a negative experience or exposure to a hazard. It will take a form likely to produce this outcome, which may be fleeing, hiding, or releasing materials. For example, a marine mollusk such as an octopus may release ink (Derby 2007), or an insect such as an aphid may drop from a branch (Gish and Inbar 2006). Many animals will flee rapidly from a threat along an unpredictable trajectory or zigzag path. Predator escape is one of the most commonly studied escape responses; however, it may be shown in response to a range of stimuli such as temperature extremes, a source of pain, or any sudden intense stimulus.
Escape responses with a known and predictable form may...
- Lewis, R. S., & Hurst, J. L. (2004). The assessment of bar chewing as an escape behavior in laboratory mice. Animal Welfare, 13, 19–25.Google Scholar