Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Dentate Gyrus

  • Jitendra Kumar Sinha
  • Areeba Aziz
  • Shampa GhoshEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1779-1



It is the segment of the neocortex that constitutes a part of the hippocampal formation and is involved in crucial processes of learning, memory, and neurogenesis.


Dentate gyrus is composed of gray matter and makes an important part of hippocampal formation. It is tooth shaped and located between the fimbriae of the hippocampus and the parahippocampal gyrus (Snell 2010). It is located underneath the temporal lobe. The hippocampus formation consists of three elements, namely, the cornu ammonis (collectively known as the hippocampus), the dentate gyrus, and subiculum (Barrett et al. 2009; Kandel et al. 2000; Nicholls et al. 2001). The hippocampal formation forms the floor of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle, along with other associated regions (Kandel et al. 2000). The dentate gyrus interlocks with the hippocampus, and forms a C-shaped structure, the subiculum adjoining it (Nicholls et...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jitendra Kumar Sinha
    • 1
  • Areeba Aziz
    • 1
  • Shampa Ghosh
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Amity Institute of Neuropsychology and Neurosciences (AINN)Amity University UPNoidaIndia
  2. 2.ICMR – National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), TarnakaHyderabadIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mystera M. Samuelson
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute for Marine Mammal StudiesGulfportUSA