Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Edward B. Titchener

  • Nancy Digdon
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1646-1

Introduction

Titchener, Edward Bradford (1867–1927) is best known for his system of psychology called structuralism. It was an experimental psychology that studied the structure of human consciousness by identifying its smallest elements.

Early Years and Education

Titchener was born in Chichester, England, on January 11, 1867 to John and Alice (nee Habin) Titchener. His ancestors had lived in Chichester since the 1500s and many had been wealthy and influential (see Boring 1927 for more detail). But Titchener’s paternal grandfather lost the family fortune and died poor. Financial hardship persisted and was exacerbated when Titchener’s father died while still in his 30s.

Without financial assistance from family, Titchener attended elite schools on academic scholarships. He graduated from the prestigious Malvern College before entering Oxford University at the age of 18 to complete an A.B. degree (1885–1890). He studied philosophy, classics, Greek, and Latin and conducted supervised...

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References

  1. Boring, E. G. (1927). Edward Bradford Titchener: 1867–1927. The American Journal of Psychology, 38, 377–394.Google Scholar
  2. Dallenbach, K. M. (1928). Bibliography of the writings of Edward Bradford Titchener: 1917–1927. The American Journal of Psychology, 40, 121–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dewsbury, D. A. (1997). Edward Bradford Titchener: Comparative psychologist? The American Journal of Psychology, 110, 449–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Heidbreder, E. (1933). Seven psychologies. Engelwood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Jastrow, J. (1901). Reviewed work: Experimental psychology by Edward Bradford Titchener. Science, 332, 741–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Titchener, E. B. (1896). Outline of psychology. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  7. Titchener, E. B. (1898). The postulates of a structural psychology. Philosophical Review, 7, 449–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Titchener, E. B. (1901). Experimental psychology: A manual for laboratory practice. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Titchener, E. B. (1910). A textbook of psychology. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Titchener, E. (1929). Systematic psychology: Prolegomena. New York: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Washburn, M. F. (1908). The animal mind. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grant MacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Shannon Digweed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada