Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Edward B. Titchener

  • Nancy DigdonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1646-1


Titchener, Edward Bradford (1867–1927) is best known for his system of psychology called structuralism. It was an experimental psychology that studied the structure of human consciousness by identifying its smallest elements.

Early Years and Education

Titchener was born in Chichester, England, on January 11, 1867 to John and Alice (nee Habin) Titchener. His ancestors had lived in Chichester since the 1500s and many had been wealthy and influential (see Boring 1927 for more detail). But Titchener’s paternal grandfather lost the family fortune and died poor. Financial hardship persisted and was exacerbated when Titchener’s father died while still in his 30s.

Without financial assistance from family, Titchener attended elite schools on academic scholarships. He graduated from the prestigious Malvern College before entering Oxford University at the age of 18 to complete an A.B. degree (1885–1890). He studied philosophy, classics, Greek, and Latin and conducted supervised...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grant MacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Shannon Digweed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada