Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford


  • Sarah M. HuskissonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1620-1


A troop refers to a group of animals, typically kangaroos, wallabies, apes, or monkeys.


Groups of primates, kangaroos, and wallabies are called “troops,” although kangaroo and wallaby groups can also be called a “mob,” apes a “shrewdness” or “community,” and monkeys a “barrel.” Troop life across species somewhat mirror each other, in that troops are highly social with some form of dominance hierarchy. Troops may be synonymous with family groups but may also be comprised of unrelated individuals.

Kangaroos and Wallabies

There are four distinct species of the Australian marsupial “kangaroos”: red (Macropus rufus), antilopine (M. antilopinus), eastern grey (M. giganteus), and western grey (M. fuliginosus). Kangaroos are herbivorous and can be found in grasslands and open forests across Australia and Tasmania. Kangaroo troops usually consist of multiple adult females, offspring, and at least one dominant male with variations occurring across geographic regions. For...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of ApesLincoln Park ZooChicagoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Shannon Digweed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada