Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Fertility

  • Umesh KumarEmail author
  • Priyanka Verma
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1378-1

Synonyms

Definition

Fertility is the ability of an individual to produce the offsprings by natural means. The root word of fertility is fero, which means “to carry, to bear.”

Fertility

Fertility is the ability of an individual to produce the offsprings by natural means. The root word of fertility is fero, which means “to carry, to bear.” The term fertility is sometimes confused with fecundity, which defines the capacity of reproduction. Although fertility is a general term for all of the organisms, including plants, here we focused on human fertility. Louis Henry coined a term “natural fertility” which applied to the population where contraception is not used depending on the number of children that families have. The inability to conceive a child within a year or more with regular sexual intercourse is defined as infertility. The rate of fertility is an important factor to keep a close eye in the societies as many modern societies are...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Becker, G. S. (1960). An economic analysis of fertility. In Demographic and economic change in developed countries (pp. 209–240). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bongaarts, J., & Potter, R. E. (2013). Fertility, biology, and behavior: An analysis of the proximate determinants. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  3. Caldwell, J. C., & Schindlmayr, T. (2003). Explanations of the fertility crisis in modern societies: A search for commonalities. Population Studies, 57(3), 241–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campino, C., Torres, C., Rioseco, A., Poblete, A., Pugin, E., Valdés, V., & Serón-Ferré, M. (2001). Plasma prolactin/oestradiol ratio at 38 weeks gestation predicts the duration of lactational amenorrhoea. Human Reproduction, 16(12), 2540–2545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Davis, K., & Blake, J. (1956). Social structure and fertility: An analytic framework. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 4(3), 211–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dommermuth, L., Klobas, J., & Lappegård, T. (2014). Differences in childbearing by time frame of fertility intention. A study using survey and register data from Norway (No. 781). Discussion Papers.Google Scholar
  7. Fernandez, R., & Fogli, A. (2006). Fertility: The role of culture and family experience. Journal of the European Economic Association, 4(2–3), 552–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayford, S. R., & Morgan, S. P. (2008). Religiosity and fertility in the United States: The role of fertility intentions. Social Forces, 86(3), 1163–1188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mahjabeen, T., Imran Khan, I., & Amit Khan, I. (2011, December). Analyzing Bongaarts model and its applications in the context of Bangladesh. In 19th International congress on modelling and simulation, Perth.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Peggy Mason
    • 1
  • Yuri Sugano
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.NeurobiologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA