Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Behavior Systems

  • Robert Ian BowersEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1232-2

Beginnings in Ethology

Nikolaas Tinbergen ( 1942) began to speak in terms of systems of behavior in his first manifesto of ethology. As there are systems of respiration and systems of digestion, for instance, in which multiple chores are accomplished in coordination by different parts to perform a complex function, there can be said to be systems of behavior that collectively accomplish complex chores such as feeding, finding mates, avoiding pain, and perhaps less obvious functions as well, such as play, grooming, or sociality. Tinbergen ( 1942) stressed that behavior has an organization and that this organization is hierarchical (Fig. 1).
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MinhoGualtarPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Oskar Pineno
    • 1
  1. 1.Hofstra UniversityLong IslandUSA