Diagnostic Criteria and Classification

  • Crystal Man Ying Lee
  • Stephen ColagiuriEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Endocrinology book series (ENDOCR)


Diabetes is an important contributor to global burden of disease. The number of people with diabetes has increased substantially since the first global estimates were published in 2000. Nevertheless, diabetes prevalence estimates are highly dependent on factors such as data sources and quality, method used to diagnose diabetes, diagnostic criteria, and modelling assumptions. This chapter includes a review of the development of the current diagnostic criteria for diabetes and considers classification systems for diabetes.


Diabetes Intermediate hyperglycemia Fasting plasma glucose Glycated hemoglobin 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, Level 2 Charles Perkins Centre D17University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Public HealthCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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