In Situ: Groundwater Bioremediation

  • Terry C. HazenEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)


In situ groundwater bioremediation of hydrocarbons has been used for more than 40 years. Most strategies involve biostimulation; however, recently bioaugmentation have been used for dehalorespiration. Aquifer and contaminant profiles are critical to determining the feasibility and strategy for in situ groundwater bioremediation. Hydraulic conductivity and redox conditions, including concentrations of terminal electron acceptors, are critical to determine the feasibility and strategy for potential bioremediation applications. Conceptual models followed by characterization and subsequent numerical models are critical for efficient and cost-effective bioremediation. Critical research needs in this area include better modeling and integration of remediation strategies with natural attenuation.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engigeering, Department of Earth and Planetry Sciences, Department of Microbiology, Institute for Secure and Sustainable EnvironmentUniversith of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA

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