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Urothelial Carcinoma In Situ and Treatment of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Failures

  • David D’Andrea
  • Fred Witjes
  • Francesco Soria
  • Shahrokh F. ShariatEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Despite its superficial growth, urothelial carcinoma in situ is an aggressive disease with high recurrence and progression rates. Macroscopic as well as microscopic diagnosis is challenging.

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the most effective therapy for high-risk bladder cancer. In case of failure no other intravesical therapy has shown convincing results to be used in clinical routine. Radical cystectomy remains from an oncologic point of view the most effective therapy.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David D’Andrea
    • 1
  • Fred Witjes
    • 2
  • Francesco Soria
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shahrokh F. Shariat
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Urology and Comprehensive Cancer CenterMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospital NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Division of Urology, Department of Surgical Sciences, San Giovanni Battista HospitalUniversity of Studies of TorinoTurinItaly
  4. 4.Department of UrologyUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  5. 5.Department of UrologyWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Karl Landsteiner Institute of Urology and AndrologyViennaAustria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Otto
    • 1
  • Shahrokh F. Shariat
    • 2
  1. 1.der Universität RegensburgOberarzt der Klinik für UrologieRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Departement of UrologyWeill Cornell Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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