Pemphigus Vulgaris, Esophageal
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare, chronic, life-threatening, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucosal membranes. It results from the loss of integrity of normal intercellular attachments within epithelia, producing suprabasal acantholytic blisters. The separation of the epithelial cells at their desmosomal junctions is due to the production of autoantibodies targeting epithelial adhesion molecules.
The disorder may have a complex etiology involving genetic and environmental factors. The susceptibility to pemphigus is described as being related to several human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles and to ethnic groups.
The disease is commonly associated with other immune disorders and with an increase in the incidence of neoplasia, but it is distinct from the variant paraneoplastic pemphigus.
In a majority of cases, pemphigus vulgarisstarts in the oral mucosa, but it may also occur in a variety of other mucosal sites. After the onset of...
References and Further Reading
- Hokama, A., Yamamoto, Y., Taira, K., Nakamura, M., Kobashigawa, C., Nakamoto, M., Hirata, T., Kinjo, N., Kinjo, F., Takahashi, K., & Fujita, J. (2010). Esophagitis dissecans superficialis and autoimmune bullous dermatosis: A review. World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 2(7), 252–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar