Campylobacter pylori gastritis; Chronic antral gastritis; Diffuse antral gastritis; Helicobacter pylori gastritis; Multifocal gastritis; Superficial gastritis; Type B gastritis
Chronic gastritis refers to chronic inflammatory diseases of the stomach, which range from mild superficial involvement of the gastric mucosa to severe atrophy. Generally, chronic atrophic gastritis is divided into Autoimmune Metaplastic Atrophic Gastritis (AMAG) or type A gastritis and Environmental Metaplastic Atrophic Gastritis (EMAG) or type B gastritis mostly caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. This entry discusses especially EMAG/chronic H. pylori associated gastritis; for AMAG, the reader is referred to the entry “autoimmune gastritis.” H. pylori gastritis is a chronic infectious form of gastritis caused by spiral, flagellated gram-negative rods and characterized by superficial chronic active gastritis.
H. pyloriinfection is probably the most common cause of...
References and Further Reading
- Capelle, L. G., de Vries, A. C., Haringsma, J., Ter Borg, F., de Vries, R. A., Bruno, M. J., et al. (2010). The staging of gastritis with the OLGA system by using intestinal metaplasia as an accurate alternative for atrophic gastritis. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 71, 1150–1158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Odze, R. D., & Goldblum, J. R. (2009). Surgical pathology of the GI tract, liver, biliary tract, and pancreas (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier.Google Scholar