Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Parasitic Colitis

  • Gert De Hertogh
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40560-5_1437

Definition

Human intestinal parasites can be classified into four different groups: the protozoa and the nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms), and trematodes (flukes). Many of these organisms pass cysts or eggs in the feces, which forms the basis for diagnostic tests. About 12 protozoan species and at least 15 helminthic species can lead to gastrointestinal (GI) pathology, representing a significant disease burden worldwide. In the past, these infections were mainly seen in developing countries. This geographic pattern is quickly changing under the influence of increasing world travel, globalized economy, and the growing number of chronically immunosuppressed patients in western countries. With helminthic infections, the additional problems arise that some worms can survive in the host for decades and that infection may remain asymptomatic until complications develop (e.g., occult Strongyloides stercoralisinfection until treatment with glucocorticoids causes fulminant...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Arca, M. J., Gates, R. L., Groner, J. I., et al. (2004). Clinical manifestations of appendiceal pinworms in children: An institutional experience and a review of the literature. Pediatric Surgery International, 20, 372–375.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Deng, M., Rutherford, M. S., & Abrahamsen, M. S. (2004). Host intestinal epithelial response to Cryptosporidium parvum. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 56, 869–884.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Geboes, K., el-Dosoky, I., el-Wahab, A., et al. (1990). The immunopathology of Schistosoma mansoni granulomas in human colonic schistosomiasis. Virchows Archiv A, Pathological Anatomy and Histopathology, 416, 527–534.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Marcus, V. A., Ward, B. J., & Jutras, P. (2001). Intestinal amebiasis: A diagnosis not to be missed. Pathology Research and Practice, 197, 271–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Qu, Z., Kundu, U. R., Abadeer, R. A., et al. (2009). Strongyloides colitis is a lethal mimic of ulcerative colitis: The key morphologic differential diagnosis. Human Pathology, 40, 572–577.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Takei, H., & Powell, S. Z. (2007). Intestinal anisakidosis (anisakiosis). Annals of Diagnostic Pathology, 11, 350–352.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Pathologische OntleedkundeUZ LeuvenLeuvenBelgium