Campylobacter enterocolitis is an inflammation of the colon caused by Campylobacter species which is a curved or spiral gram-negative rod. Campylobacter species is part of the natural flora in many wild and domestic animals including household pets.
Campylobacter enterocolitis is one of the most common causes of acute bacterial gastroenteritis. Numerous Campylobacter species exist within the genus Campylobacter including Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter laridis, Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter upsaliensis, Campylobacter sputorum, Campylobacter concisus.
The vast majority of food-borne enterocolitis is caused by Campylobacter jejuni along with C coli and C laridis. C fetus is most often seen in immune-suppressed patients and homosexual men. There is a higher incidence in HIV-positive patients.
Transmission occurs most commonly through consumption of raw milk, contaminated meat, untreated water, or undercooked poultry. It is a common...