Skin Bioengineering

  • Berardesca EnzoEmail author
  • Cameli Norma
Living reference work entry


Noninvasive techniques provide useful and objective information on skin barrier efficiency, skin color, and skin structure in general; therefore, these techniques can be of support in investigating contact dermatitis and irritation in particular. However, their use can be sometimes cumbersome and complex especially in terms of standardization of measures and interpretation of results.


Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL) Capacitance Colorimetry Stratum corneum 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Gallicano Dermatological InstituteRomeItaly

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