Advertisement

Fiberglass, Dusts

  • Daniel J. Hogan
  • Megan Morrison
  • Anand Desai
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Production of fiberglass is increasing.

Airborne dermatitis may be caused by fiberglass.

Irritant contact dermatitis is usually caused by fibers greater in diameter than 4.5 μm.

Hardening is not prominent and may be less likely to develop in atopics.

Histopathology of dermatitis is nonspecific unless the fiberglass is itself visualized in the skin biopsy or skin tape stripping.

Treatment is nonspecific except for taking measures to curtail exposure to fiberglass and where possible to identify sources of exposure.

Keywords

Airborne contact dermatitis 

References

  1. Adams RM (1999) Appendix: job descriptions with their irritants and allergens: insulation workers. In: Occupational skin disease, 3rd edn. W.B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersen KE et al (1992) Allergens from the standard series: epoxy resin. In: Rycroft RJG et al (eds) Textbook of contact dermatitis. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Baile RB, Meghana SC, Pattiwar MS (2014) Glass wool tripod foreign bodies in the eye: first ever reported case series. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 21(4):363–365CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Beltrani VS, Boguneiwicz M (2003) Atopic dermatitis. Dermatol Online J 9(2):1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Björnberg A (1985) Glass fiber dermatitis. In: The chronic effect of repeated mechanical trauma to the skin. Alan R. Liss, New York. Am J Ind Med 8: 395–400Google Scholar
  6. Bordel-Gómez MT, Miranda-Romero A (2008) Fiberglass dermatitis: a report of 2 cases. Contact Dermatitis 59:120–122CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchanich JM et al (2001) Historical cohort study of US man-made citreous fiber production workers: V. Tobacco-smoking habits. J Occup Environ Med 43(9):793–802CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen JY et al (2000) Irritant contact dermatitis secondary to fiberglass: an unusual presentation. Int J Dermatol 39:372–274CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Costa R, Orriols R (2012) Man-made mineral fibers and the respiratory tract. Arch Bronconeumol 48(12):460–468CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cronin E (1980) Clothing and textiles. In: Contact dermatitis. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Cronin E (1992) Hand eczema: contact dermatitis. In: Rycroft RJG et al (eds) Textbook of contact dermatitis. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Cullinan P, McGavin CR, Kreiss K et al (2013) Obliterative bronchiolitis in fibreglass workers: a new occupational disease? Occup Environ Med 70(5):357–359CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Cusano F, Mariano M (2007) Fiberglass dermatitis microepidemic in a primary school. Contact Dermatitis 57:351–352CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Darsow U, Ring J (2003) The atopy patch test in atopic dermatitis. In: Lachapelle JM, Maibach HI (eds) Patch testing prick testing – a practical guide. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Fireman E (2014) Man-made mineral fibers and interstitial lung diseases. Curr Opin Pulm Med 20(2):194–198CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Frosch PJ, John SM (2006) Clinical aspects of irritant contact dermatitis. In: Frosch PJ et al (eds) Contact dermatitis, 4th edn. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Global and China Glasss Fiber Industry Report, 2012–2015 (2012) http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-and-china-glass-fiber-industry-report-2012-2015-185273212.html. Accessed 30 Apr 2017
  18. Goldsmith JR, Goldsmith DR (1993) Fiberglass or silica exposure and increased nephritis or ESRD (end-stage renal disease). Am J Ind Med 28:873–881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hancu BD, Ppo M (2013) Intratracheal fiber glass instillation in rats: IL8 and lymphocytes levels in bronchoalveolar lavage, correlation with the histopathological findings. Clujul Medical 86(1):43–47PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Hogan DJ (2008) Contact dermatitis, irritant. eMedicineGoogle Scholar
  21. Hogan DJ, May JM (2007) Contact dermatitis, allergic. eMedicine. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1049216-overview. Accessed 22 Nov 2011
  22. Irvine ADM, Eichenfield LFM, Friedlander SFM, Simpson ELMM (2016) Review of critical issues in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. Semin Cutan Med Surg 35(5 Suppl):S89–S91Google Scholar
  23. James W, Berger T, Elston D (2016) Contact dermatitis and drug eruptions. Andrews’ diseases of the skin. Retrieved from https://www.clinicalkey.com
  24. Jolanki R et al (1996) Occupational dermatosis from exposure to epoxy resin compounds in a ski factory. Contact Dermatitis 34:390–394CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Jolanki R et al (2002) Occupational irritant contact dermatitis from synthetic mineral fibers according to Finnish statistics. Contact Dermatitis 47:329–333CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Kalimo K et al (1980) Immediate and delayed type reactions to formaldehyde resin in glass wool. Contact Dermatitis 6(7):496CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Kaufman JD et al (1998) Occupational skin diseases in Washington State, 1989 through 1993: using workers’ compensation data to identify cutaneous hazards. Am J Public Health 88(7):1047–1051CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Larraga-Pinones G, Heras-Mendaza F, Conde-Salazar L (2013) Occupational contact dermatitis in the wind energy industry. Actas Dermosifiliogr 103(10):905–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Loewenstein KL (1973) The manufacturing technology of continuous glass fibers. Elsevier, New York, pp 2–94Google Scholar
  30. Marsh GM et al (2001) Historical cohort study of US man-made vitreous fiber production workers: II. Mortality from mesothelioma. J Occup Environ Med 43(9):757–766CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. McConnell EE (1994) Synthetic vitreous fibers – inhalation studies. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 20(3 Pt. 2):S22–S34PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Minamoto K et al (2002) Occupational dermatoses among fiberglass-reinforced plastics factory workers. Contact Dermatitis 46:339–347CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Mostafavi D, Olumba K, Shrier EM (2014) Fiberglass intraocular foreign body with no initial ocular symptoms. Retin Cases Brief Rep 8(1):10–12CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Mukhammadiyeva GF, Bakirov AB, Karimova LK, Valeyeva ET (2014) Analysis of associations of polymorphic loci of a tumor suppressor gene TP53 with malignant neoplasms in glass fiber manufacturing workers. Gig Sanit 4:59–61Google Scholar
  35. Paller A, Manicini A (2016) Eczematous eruptions in childhood. Hurwitz clinical pediatric dermatology. Retrieved from https://www.clinicalkey.com
  36. Park SY, Kim JH, Cho SI et al (2014) Induction of a hardening phenomenon and quantitative changes of ceramides in stratum corneum. Ann Dermatol 26(1):35–42.  https://doi.org/10.5021/ad.2014.26.1.35CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Patterson J (2016) Weedons skin pathology. Retrieved from https://www.clinicalkey.com
  38. Pintos J et al (2008) Occupational exposure to asbestos and man-made vitreous fibers, and risk of lung cancer: evidence from two case–control studies in Montreal, Canada. J Occup Environ Med 50(11):1273–1281CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Pira E et al (2009) Cancer mortality in a cohort of continuous glass filament workers. J Occup Environ Med 51(2):239–242CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Rapisarda V, Loreto C, Ledda C et al (2015) Cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and genotoxicity induced by glass fibers on human alveolar epithelial cell line A549. Toxicol In Vitro 29(3):551–557CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. ReportLinker (2012) Fiberglass Industry Statistics. https://www.reportlinker.com/report/search/theme/fiberglass
  42. Rietschel RL, Fowler JF (2008a) Noneczematous contact dermatitis. In: Fisher’s contact dermatitis, 6th edn. BC Decker, HamiltonGoogle Scholar
  43. Rietschel RL, Fowler JF (2008b) Plastics, adhesives, and synthetic resins. In: Fisher’s contact dermatitis, 6th edn. BC Decker, HamiltonGoogle Scholar
  44. Rietschel RL, Fowler JF (2008c) Role of age, sex, color of skin, and atopic status. In: Fisher’s contact dermatitis, 6th edn. BC Decker, HamiltonGoogle Scholar
  45. Schwartz L et al (1947) Dermatoses caused by resins and waxes. In: Occupational diseases of the skin, 2nd edn. Lea & Febiger, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  46. Sertoli A et al (1992) Fiberglass dermatitis. Clin Dermatol 10(2):167–174CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Sertoli A et al (2000) Fiberglass dermatitis. In: Kanerva L et al (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology, 1st edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  48. Shannon H et al (2005) Mortality and cancer incidence in Ontario glass fiber workers. Occup Med 55:528–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stam-Westerveld EB (1995) Man-made vitreous fibers: glass fiber and Rockwool dermatitis. In: van der Valk PGM, Maibach HI (eds) The irritant contact dermatitis syndrome. CRC Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  50. Stam-Westerveld EB et al (1993) Rubbing test responses of the skin to man-made mineral fibers of different diameters. Contact Dermatitis 31(1):1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sulzberger MB, Baer BL (1942) The effects of fiberglass on animal and human skin. Int Med 11:482–484Google Scholar
  52. van der Valk PGM (1996) The treatment of irritant contact dermatitis. In: van der Valk PGM, Maibach HI (eds) The irritant contact dermatitis syndrome. CRC Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. Veien NK (1992) Clinical features: airborne contact dermatitis. In: Rycroft RJG et al (eds) Textbook of contact dermatitis. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  54. Wang BJ et al (1993) Fiberglass dermatitis: report of two cases. J Formos Med Assoc 92:755–758PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Warheit DB et al (2001) Potential pulmonary effects of man-made organic fiber (MMOF) dusts. Crit Rev Toxicol 31(6):697–736CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Watkins SA, Maibach HI (2009) The hardening phenomenon in irritant contact dermatitis: an interpretative update. Contact Dermatitis 60:123–130CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Willis C (1996) The histopathology of irritant contact dermatitis. In: van der Valk PGM, Maibach HI (eds) The irritant contact dermatitis syndrome. CRC Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Internal Medicine (Dermatology) NOVA Southeastern University College of Osteopathic MedicineDavieUSA
  2. 2.University of Central Florida College of MedicineOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.Stones River DermatologyMurfreesboroUSA

Personalised recommendations