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Polyvinyl Resins

  • Carmen Maria Sălăvăstru
  • Letiţia Bucur
  • George-Sorin Ţiplica
  • Gheorghe Bucur
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Polyvinyls are not sensitizers. Some additives of polyvinyl resins are highly sensitizing: phthalates, maleates, benzophenones, epoxy resins, etc.

Diagnostic procedures include patch-testing with vinylic resins and additives used in the polymerization process.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) always contains free molecules of vinyl chloride that can induce allergic contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, Raynaud’s syndrome, and systemic sclerosis.

PVC powder has irritating properties.

Incineration of PVC objects releases dioxin and HCl, posing hazard to skin and mucosa.

Polyvinyl resins have multiple uses including medical purposes.

Keywords

Polyvinyl chloride Raynaud’s syndrome Contact dermatitis Polyvinyl alcohol 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen Maria Sălăvăstru
    • 1
  • Letiţia Bucur
    • 2
  • George-Sorin Ţiplica
    • 1
  • Gheorghe Bucur
    • 3
  1. 1.Colentina Clinical Hospital“Carol Davila” University of Medicine and PharmacyBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Department of Occupational HealthBelsana Grup LLCBucharestRomania
  3. 3.BucharestRomania

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