Tattoo Artists

  • Margarida GonçaloEmail author
Living reference work entry


Tattoo artists are exposed to biological hazards, like HBV, HCV, HIV, and eventually Mycobacterium chelonae and abscessus.

Wet work and glove use favor irritant hand dermatitis.

Allergic contact dermatitis is due mainly to rubber gloves, disinfectants, topical anesthetics, or dressings used in the procedure.

Heavy metals used as pigments can induce allergic and photoallergic contact dermatitis, granulomatous reactions, pseudolymphoma, and skin cancers, mostly in clients.

Mercury is the main allergen, but chromium, cobalt, cadmium, and nickel can also induce adverse reactions due to tattooing.

Temporary tattoos, performed usually outside the tattoo parlors, contain mainly paraphenylenediamine which can sensitize the client and, eventually, the artist.


Tattoo artist Mycobacterial diseases Contact dermatitis Henna tattoo 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinic of Dermatology, Unit of Skin Allergy, University Hospital and Faculty of MedicineUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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