Resources in Famine, Starvation, and Nutrient Deprivation

  • Rajkumar RajendramEmail author
  • Vinood B. Patel
  • Victor R. Preedy
Living reference work entry


There is no greater major threat to public health worldwide than nutrient deprivation. Presently nutrient deficiency affects around 800 million people worldwide. Since time immemorial nutrient deprivation or overt starvation has caused organ dysfunction or death. Nutrient deficiency is not only the consequence of drought, famines, or civil upheaval. Malnutrition may arise for a number of reasons. For example, some studies have reported that in hospitals as many as half of patients may be malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. The term malnutrition however is very broad and covers undernutrition, imbalance, and overnutrition. This book focuses on the former two umbrellas and coverage ranges from cellular events to public health policies. The detailed molecular events arising from nutrient deprivation are relatively recent discoveries in the overall time scale of research into malnutrition. At the other end of the spectrum, public health policies are constantly being updated to take into account prevailing social, geographical, political, and economic profiles of communities and countries. Within this are policies which encompass future trajectories which aim to prevent famines or undernutrition. Thus there is a complex continuum of knowledge that stretches from our understanding of how molecules in cells behave to the imposition of policies. To further aid colleagues in the acquisition of this knowledge, this chapter lists the resources on the regulatory and professional bodies, journals, books, and websites that are relevant to an evidence-based approach to famine, starvation, and nutrient deficiency, from cells to policy.


Books Evidence Famine Journals Nutrient deprivation Professional societies Regulatory bodies Resources Starvation 


  1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP), the World Health Organization (WHO) (2017) The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Friedli N, Stanga Z, Sobotka L, Culkin A, Kondrup J, Laviano A, Mueller B, Schuetz P (2017) Revisiting the refeeding syndrome: results of a systematic review. Nutrition 35:151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kruizenga H, van Keeken S, Weijs P, Bastiaanse L, Beijer S, Huisman-de Waal G, Jager-Wittenaar H, Jonkers-Schuitema C, Klos M, Remijnse-Meester W, Witteman B, Thijs A (2016) Undernutrition screening survey in 564,063 patients: patients with a positive undernutrition screening score stay in hospital 1.4 d longer. Am J Clin Nutr 103:1026–1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Morris NF, Stewart S, Riley MD, Maguire GP (2018) The burden and nature of malnutrition among patients in regional hospital settings: A cross-sectional survey. Clin Nutr ESPEN 23:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Powell-Tuck J (1997) Penalties of hospital undernutrition. J R Soc Med 90:8–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajkumar Rajendram
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Vinood B. Patel
    • 2
  • Victor R. Preedy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineKing Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Ministry of National Guard Health AffairsRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.School of Life Sciences, Department of Biomedical ScienceUniversity of WestministerLondonUK
  3. 3.Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Research Division, Faculty of Life Science and MedicineKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations