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Growth of Skinfold Thickness in the Undernourished Santal Children: A Focus on the Purulia District of India

  • Sutanu Dutta Chowdhry
  • Tusharkati Ghosh
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The skinfold thickness in different locations like tricep, bicep, subscapular, suprailiac, and calf generally measures the subcutaneous fat deposition in the body. These skinfold parameters may be used to assess nutritional status in children as the subcutaneous fat deposition varies with the changes in nutritional status of children. Santals are backward tribal community of India, and in the present review the growth of the skinfold thickness of Santal children has been considered to evaluate the status of skinfold in undernutrition. Undernutrition does not affect the skinfold thickness in different locations uniformly, and the sensitivities of skinfold thickness of some locations are good markers (triceps skinfold, TRSF, and subscapular skinfold, SBSF), while others may not be changed with undernutrition (suprailiac skinfold, SPSF; biceps skinfold, BCSF; and calf skinfold, CSF). SBSF and TRSF were strongly associated with the nutritional status (HAZ) in Santal boys, whereas in Santal girls, TRSF appeared to be strong predictor to assess nutritional status. TRSF is a sensitive indicator of undernutrition in both the boys and girls, and SBSF is less sensitive to identify undernutrition in girls but not in boys. The triceps-for-age z-score (TAZ) appears to be better indicator of undernutrition than that of height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) in Santal children. The growth and velocity of growth of different skinfold thickness in well-nourished Santal children was found to be changed in undernourished Santal boys and girls.

Keywords

Santal Undernutrition Nutritional status Skinfold thickness Nutritional anthropometry Body fat Growth curve Body mass index Upper arm fat area 

List of Abbreviations

BCSF

Biceps skinfold

BMI

Body mass index

CSF

Calf skinfold

FFMI

Fat-free mass index

HAZ

Height-for-age z-score

MUAC

Mid-upper arm circumference

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NHANES

National health and nutrition examination survey

PTG

Primitive Tribal Groups’

SAZ

SBSF-for-age z-score

SBSF

Subscapular skinfold

SPSF

Suprailiac skinfold

STSSF

Sum of triceps and subscapular skinfold

STSSFAZ

Sum of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness-for-age z-score

TAZ

TRSF-for-age z-score

TRSF

Triceps skinfold

UAFA

Upper arm fat area

UAMA

Upper arm muscle area

UAMAH

Upper arm muscle area by height

UAMC

Upper arm muscle circumference

WHO

World Health Organization

WHZ

Weight-for-height z-score

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyBasirhat CollegeBasirhatIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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