Energy Harvesting Technologies in Wireless Sensor Networks
Energy is an important resource in wireless sensor networks since it determines the operation performance of sensors, i.e., data sensing, data processing, and data transmission. For the long-term applications, the power supply is one of the most important issues should be addressed since a fixed utility supply and/or manual battery changing may not be technically and economically viable. To address the power supply issue with the goal to obtain perpetual and unattended networks, energy harvesting technologies, which can harvest energy from energy sources in the surroundings (i.e., solar power, thermal energy, wind energy, kinetic energy, and electromagnetic energy), have been recently introduced to power the sensor nodes and thus achieve the goal of perpetual network operation. This kind of wireless sensor networks is known as rechargeable sensor...
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