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Introduction and Background
As the first two decades of the twenty-first century come to a close, an ever increasingly accelerated pace of technological advances continue to reshape the world. In this entry, a brief look at a number of ongoing cyberinfrastructure research projects, funded by various agencies of the United States federal government, are examined. While there are many definitions for the term cyberinfrastructure, a widely accepted one is the combination of computing systems, data storage systems, advanced instruments and data repositories, visualization environments, and people, all linked together by software and high-performance networks. Over the years, related research and development funding has originated more and more from government and less and less from the private sector sources. High tech companies focus mainly on applied research that can be used in new products for increased profits. This process is well suited for bringing the benefits of mature technology...
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