Encyclopedia of Big Data

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurie A. Schintler, Connie L. McNeely

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32001-4_258-1

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a United States government agency self-described as “the nation’s health protection agency” (CDC 2017a). CDC responds to new and emerging health threats and conducts research to track chronic and acute diseases. Of greatest interest to readers of this article are the CDC efforts in surveillance using nationwide cross-sectional surveys to monitor the health of diverse populations (Frieden 2017). These surveys are run annually, in some cases across more than five decades. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a branch of the CDC either directly conducts or supervises the collection and storage of the data from most of these surveys.

The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) conducts in-person interviews about the health status and health care access for 35,000 households per year, with information collected about the household as a whole and for one randomly selected adult and one randomly selected child (if one is...

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Further Readings

  1. Beilfuss, J., Camargo, C. A. Jr, & Kamycheva, E. (2017). Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D has a modest positive association with leukocyte telomere length in middle-aged US adults. Journal of Nutrition.  https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.116.244137.
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  3. Bhan, N., Kawachi, I., Glymour, M. M., & Subramanian, S. V. (2015). Time trends in racial and ethnic disparities in asthma prevalence in the United States from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Study (1999–2011). American Journal of Public Health, 105(6), 1269–1275.  https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). About NCHS – NCHS fact sheets – National death index. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/factsheets/factsheet_ndi.htm. Accessed 10 Mar 2017.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017a). Mission, role, and pledge. https://www.cdc.gov/about/organization/mission.htm. Accessed 13 Feb 2017.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017b). RDC – NCHS research data center. https://www.cdc.gov/rdc/index.htm. Accessed 6 Mar 2017.
  9. Chang, T., Ravi, N., Plegue, M. A., Sonneville, K. R., & Davis, M. M. (2016). Inadequate hydration, BMI, and obesity among US adults: NHANES 2009–2012. Annals of Family Medicine, 14(4), 320–324.  https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  22. White, A., Thompson, T. D., White, M. C., Sabatino, S. A., de Moor, J., Doria-Rose, P. V., et al. (2017). Cancer screening test use – United States, 2015. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(8), 201–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.P. Mean ConsultingLeawoodUSA