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Post-Traumatic Hydrocephalus

  • Dan Ochieng
  • Anthony Figaji
  • Graham FieggenEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Hydrocephalus has long been recognized as a common complication of traumatic brain injury and can present acutely due to obstruction of CSF pathways or in a delayed fashion following subarachnoid hemorrhage, meningitis, or other causes of altered CSF hydrodynamics. This condition has taken on greater significance with the widespread use of decompressive craniectomy. Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (accompanied by raised intracranial pressure) must be distinguished from post-traumatic ventriculomegaly in order to ensure appropriate treatment.

Keywords

Head trauma Subdural hematoma Subdural hygroma Ventricular haemorrhage Subarachnoid haemorrhage Decompressive craniectomy Ventriculomegaly Penetrating brain injury 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Division of Neurosurgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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