Revolution and Public Administration in Pakistan

  • Saeed SiyalEmail author
Living reference work entry



Revolution refers to a forceful overthrow of the government or any social order which is in favor of and often leads to a new and modern system.


Revolution has been the key factor in shaping the modern era. The term itself points out the fundamental transformation and changes having the generic worth and usage which illustrate the phenomena in between the industrial and sexual revolution. Being a historical procedure, it denotes a drive that is usually violent and overthrows and brings a complete transformation in the main institutions of the societies. Moreover, subsequent to French Revolution in the eighteenth century which ousted the empire by transforming and reforming the whole society, it became identical to the thorough overwhelming from the earlier (Neitzel 2018). This changed the mind-set of several nations that modernity is only possible by passing through such a violent and complete...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Akiner S (1983) Islamic peoples of the Soviet Union. Kegan Paul International, BostonGoogle Scholar
  2. Clarke D (2002) Contemporary Asian art and its western reception. Third Text 16(3):237–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fitzgerald CP (2019) Revolution in China. RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Gurr TR (1970) Why men rebel. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  5. Johnson C (1968) Revolutionary change. University of London Press, London, first published by Little, Brown and Company (1966)Google Scholar
  6. Neitzel L (2018) What is revolution. Columbia University, nd, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Sabharwal M, Berman EM (eds) (2013) Public administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Taylor & Francis group, CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Smelser NJ (1962) Theory of collective behavior. Routledge and Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Wade RA (2017) The Russian revolution, 1917 (Vol. 53). Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Weber T (2003) Nonviolence is who? Gene sharp and Gandhi. Peace & Change 28(2):250–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Zia YA, Khan MZ (2013) Drivers of public sector reforms in Pakistan: a comparison of NPM with alternative reform drivers. Dialogue 8(4):453Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina