Public Policy and Governance: Theory and Practice

  • Muhamad Azahar AbasEmail author
Living reference work entry



Public policy is a long-standing decision made by governments or public authorities to address the public concerns or initiate ideas or solutions to public problems. Governance is the process of governing a city, an organization, or system where the decision-making process is involved by which the decisions are implemented or not implemented.


In the last few decades, public policy has become more crucial, and the governments keep trying to improve the existing public policy to suit current situation. For example, does the current public education policy give an impact to every level of society? Is the current development and welfare program good or poor or does not give an impact toward poverty eradication? Are the existing environmental initiatives sufficient or too much on environmental protection? These questions are always being discussed to address the public policy issues in every level...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Earth ScienceUniversiti Malaysia KelantanJeliMalaysia