Open Data Policies and Practices in Local Governments

Living reference work entry



  • Open government data: freely accessible to use and reproduce nonprivacy-restricted and nonconfidential data generated by public resources in a standardized, machine-readable format

  • Open data portal: a digital repository to search and access government datasets

  • Open formats: ways to publish data in machine-readable or machine-processable layouts for easy access, search capability, and advanced analysis


Open government data is considered as a parallel of the early effort of online information dissemination that helps citizens to understand what their governments do and how well they perform. As government has collected a large volume of various data, the use of government data has gained more attention to address complex problems in society, improve service delivery, evaluate policy outcomes, and promote transparency and citizen participation. Besides, releasing economic data is expected to create business...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public AffairsPennsylvania State University HarrisburgMiddletownUSA