Types of Local Governments’ Intervention to National Politics/Central-Local Cooperation and Antagonism by Political Parties and Government
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Coordination over policy that is shared or overlapping across levels of government; administrative and partisan channels of interaction/coordination between central and local government.
An important element of intergovernmental relations (IGR) in modern democracies are the various channels by which different levels of government coordinate over policy that is shared or overlapping across levels. The need for greater coordination, vertically between local, national, and supranational governments, has been driven by trends affecting most states. These include an expanding welfare state, the standardization of public services across regions, increasingly interdependent and complex policy areas which cannot be exclusively dealt with by one level alone, and demands for greater policy autonomy and ownership from local governments (Bolleyer 2009; Loughlin 2007...
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